Measurement example using MSA438 and dipole antennas


The radio wave absorption characteristics by space standing wave ratio method can be measured using optional dipole antennas and MSA400 series.

Since a radio wave reflects at the boundary surface, a standing wave is generated by incident wave and reflected wave at the front of boundary surface. If the standing wave at this front of boundary surface is measured, a standing wave ratio can be determined and then a reflection coefficient can be calculated.


Fig.1:Measuring method

In this measuring method (Fig.1), the standing wave ratio (ρ) is measured using antenna M403 which can be moved slightly not to disturb standing wave.

Fig.2 shows the space standing wave measured actually. The standing wave changes depending on the moving distance of antenna. However, the reflection coefficient |Γ| can be determined by extending the envelope (dashed red and blue lines in Fig.2) and then by measuring the minimum value Emin and the maximum value Emax of the electric field strength at the front of wave absorber.

Standing wave ratio ρ= Emax/Emin = (1+|Γ|)/(1-|Γ|) Reflection coefficient |Γ|= (ρ-1)/(ρ+1)

For example, the reflection coefficient of MYA-77 is calculated from Fig.2. From max and min values (blue dashed lines) at boundary surface;





Furthermore, the return loss (RL) is determined from reflection coefficient. RL=-20log|Γ|=22.6(dB)

Since the absorption performance of MYA-77 at 2 GHz is about 23 dB, two values match mostly.

Fig.2:Space standing wave

System configuration

Spectrum Analyzer[MSA438] x 1
Dipole antenna ex.)M403(1.7GHz to 2.2GHz) x 2

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