Simple and low-cost EMI estimation by using spectru m/signal analyzer(338E/438E/538E/558E)


Precompliance EMI test system MR2300 using spectrum/sign al analyzer (338E/438E/538E/558E) and anechoic box has superior cost performance. This paper presents furt her low-cost EMI estimation method.



EMI from EUT might be estimated by evaluating radiated em issions in a normal laboratory, if the following conditions are met.

Strict EMI measurement accuracy is not required.It is worth to try this method, if the main objective is to measure EMI frequencies, or relative EMI level among some types of EUT.
Enviromental noise in the laboratory is sufficiently smaller than EMI limit level.The difference between the measured EMI and enviromental noise is equivalent to EMI from EUT.
Even if the enviromental noise at the specific frequency is relatively large, EMI from EUT at the same frequency is negligible.Environmental noise that can be distinguished from the EMI may not be a big problem.

Calculation method to estimate EMI from EUT

The EMI at every frequency can be calculated by the fo llowing expression.


The EMI can be measured by specctrum/signal analyzer (338 E/438E/538E/558E) with a function to calibrate properties of cable and antenna used. It is important t o subtract N from M in linear [uV/m], not in [dBuV/m]. Measurement distance, and the height of EUT and the a ntenna should be the same to those of formal EMI test site. If not taking into account the effect of the floor surfa ce reflection, a certain configuration freedom may be provided. For example, in case of 2.5 m in measurement d istance, above estimated EMI can be corrected by adding a coefficient 20 log(2.5[m]/3[m]) = -1.6[dB]. However, when measurement distance is too short, there is a possibility that measurement error increases in the impact of near field of the antenna and EUT.


This EMI estimation approach is with an emphasis on co nvenience more than the measurement accuracy. The approach has been proposed as one of the solutions to a very strong demand to need to understand EMI characteristics easily at low cost. If more accurate discussion is needed, issues to be co nsidered (ex. phase in subtraction operation, and influe nce of reflected wave from ceiling, wall, and floor) are not less. But why don’t you try to find a space in your laboratory suitable for simple EMI test with the handheld spectrum /signal analyzer? It is not necessarily exactly consist ent with the results at the regular test site, but you may f ind the place and the condition that it is operational as long as it is a relative evaluation in an acceptable error range.

System configuration

Signal analyzer [MSA538E]
Low noise amplifier MAP302
Jigs to mount antenna and EUT
Others(PC, I/F modules, cables, etc)

*We will propose specifications that meet your needs.

Products introduction

Handheld Signal Analyzer MSA538E

This is a model in which EMI measurement function is added to MSA538.
Measurement frequency : 20kHz to 3.3GHz

Low Noise Amplifier MAP301/302

Optimum for emission noise measurement.

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